News & Events


To be named as an author or not: that is the question

Authorship is a crucial aspect of scientific research, as it serves as a way to credit and recognise researchers who have contributed to a study, while also maintaining the ethics, integrity, and accountability of the research process.

Authorship provides an opportunity for researchers to receive recognition and credit for their contributions to a study. This recognition can be important for career advancement, funding opportunities, and professional reputation. Still, what are the rules for co-authorship?

Following established guidelines

When crediting authors in a scientific article, it is important to follow established guidelines and best practices to ensure that all contributors are appropriately recognised and credited for their work. Here are some general principles to keep in mind:

  1. Authorship criteria: The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) has established criteria for authorship that are widely accepted in the scientific community. According to these criteria, authors should have made substantial contributions to the conception, design, analysis, interpretation, or writing of the article. All authors should also take responsibility for the content of the article and agree to be accountable for any issues related to accuracy or integrity.
  1. Order of authors: The order in which authors are listed should reflect the relative contributions of each author to the work. Typically, the first author is the person who made the greatest contribution to the work, while the last author is often the senior author who oversaw the project. However, it is important to note that there may be variations in author order depending on the norms of the particular field or research group.
  1. Acknowledgments: In addition to listing authors, scientific articlesoften include an acknowledgments section to recognise contributions that do not meet the criteria for authorship. This may include assistance with data collection or analysis, funding support, or other forms of assistance.
  1. Conflicts of interest: Scientific articles should also disclose any potential conflicts of interest that may have influenced the research or its findings. This may include financial relationships, employment or consulting arrangements, or other factors that could influence the research.

By following established guidelines and best practices, authors can help to ensure that their work is properly credited and recognised within the scientific community.

Some additional best practices

There are some additional best practices to keep in mind when crediting authors:

  1. Communicate authorship roles and responsibilities: It’s important for authors to discuss and agree on authorship roles and responsibilities early on in the research process. This can help ensure that all contributors understand their role and are appropriately credited.
  1. Use a contributorship model: Some journals and research groups use a contributorship model, which allows for more nuanced authorship credit. In this model, authors are listed with specific contributions (e.g. data collection, analysis, writing, etc.) next to their names.
  2. Consider equal authorship: In some cases, multiple authors may have contributed equally to the work. In these cases, it may be appropriate to list the authors in alphabetical order or to indicate that they contributed equally.
  1. Ensure accuracy in authorship credit: It’s important to ensure that all authors are credited accurately and appropriately. This may involve verifying authorship roles and contributions with all contributors, as well as ensuring that all authors are included and listed in the correct order.
  1. Be transparent about changes to authorship: If changes to authorship are made after the article has been submitted or published, it’s important to be transparent about these changes and to provide an explanation for why they were made.

Should PhD candidates be credited?

PhD candidates can be credited as authors in scientific papers, provided they meet the established authorship criteria. The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) guidelines for authorship, for example, state that individuals who have made substantial contributions to the conception, design, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work may be credited as authors.

In many cases, PhD candidates make significant contributions to the research that is published in scientific papers. They may contribute to the design of the study, collect and analyse data, and help to interpret the results. As such, it is appropriate for them to be credited as authors if they meet the authorship criteria.

It’s worth noting that simply being a PhD candidate or graduate student is not sufficient to qualify for authorship. However, if a PhD candidate has made a significant contribution to the work that meets the authorship criteria, then they should be included as an author. Additionally, it is important to ensure that all contributors to the work are appropriately credited, including PhD candidates and other junior researchers.

Overall, the decision to credit PhD candidates as authors in scientific papers should be based on their contributions to the work, as well as established authorship criteria.


LARI strengthened its presence and continued to promote sound research integrity practices in Luxembourg

The Luxembourg Agency for Research Integrity (LARI) has released its annual report – covering the interim period from November 2020 to December 2022. The new edition of its annual report provides assurance that the processes LARI has in place for dealing with allegations of research misconduct are transparent, robust, and fair, and that they continue to be appropriate to the needs of research in Luxembourg.

Consolidating LARI presence in Luxembourg…

LARI is committed to ensuring and maintaining a research environment that develops good research practice and embeds a culture of research integrity. Part of the actions undertaken during the interim period focused on strengthening the presence of LARI within the Luxembourg research ecosystem. It involved the financial consolidation of the A.S.B.L. and the development of a strategy. Thus, the new roadmap included the establishment of monthly meetings with the Commission for Research Integrity (CRI) – an independent body composed of five unbiased international experts who apply a neutral and impartial approach to any case it examines.

Torkild Vinther, former Chair of the CRI, says:

Being involved in an investigation – whether as an alleged person or as a complainant is most often very stressful. For this reason, alone, it is imperative for the CRI to conduct and conclude any investigation in a fair and thorough manner. There are no “happy” cases. Still, it is possible and feasable to utilise lessons learned from each case to try to prevent similar cases to occur and to improve the Research Integrity system and training at the responsible institution and enhance responsible conduct of research in Luxembourg as a whole.”

In late 2022, Torkild Vinther informed the Board that he has decided to retire and step down as Chair. As a result, the Board appointed Mylène Deschenes, currently serving as Interim Vice-Chair, to succeed Torkild Vinther as Chair of CRI.

Overall, during the interim period, LARI opened seven cases, of which six are closed and one is continued. Indeed, the size of Luxembourg makes it possible to respond quickly to misconduct cases. Additionally, the three Luxembourg research institutes and the University of Luxembourg have introduced a number of solid initiatives and actions to prevent misconduct.

In October 2022, the five member institutions, i.e. the University  of Luxembourg, the Luxembourg Institute of Health, the Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology, the Luxembourg Institute for Socio-Economic Research and the Luxembourg National Research Fund, elected a new Board of Directors composed of three highly qualified individuals appointed intuitu personae for a three-year term of office. Jean-Claude Wiwinius serves as Chair of the Board; Prof. Dr. Babette Simon acts as Vice Chair of the Board; and Prof John Scheid is a Member of the Board.

Finally, LARI increased its internal operations by hiring an administrative support manager.

… and internationally

The Agency took part in numerous events in Europe and around the world to promote and share good research integrity practices. Case in point: in May 2021, LARI attended the VIRT²UE Train the Trainer programme which aims to promote reflection on personal attitudes and behaviours. More specifically, some of LARI coaches learnt more about how to foster reflection on the virtues needed to make a good researcher. Additionally, they were given the tools to promote understanding of the European Code of Conduct for Research Integrity.

In October 2021, the Secretary General ad interim gave a presentation on how LARI promotes responsible conduct of research at the European RI platform for the global research community.

Finally, LARI was selected to have a poster session at the 7th World Conference on Research Integrity held in Cape Town from 29 May to 1 June 2022.

By participating in various events, and by submitting an abstract, which was selected for the World Conference on Research Integrity‘s poster session, LARI contributed to Luxembourg’s success in advocating for research integrity on the international scene.

Asael Rouby, Interim Secretary General, states:

“I am deeply convinced of the importance of promoting sound research practices. In this respect, Luxembourg can play an important role by participating in international efforts.


Job opening at LARI: Secretary General (m/f)

The Luxembourg Agency for Research Integrity (LARI) is a joint venture set up in 2016 between the Luxembourg National Research Fund (FNR), the University of Luxembourg (, the Luxembourg Institute of Health (LIH), the Luxembourg Institute for Socio- Economic Research (LISER) and the Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST).

LARI has the twofold mission (1) to promote responsible conduct of research and (2) to ensure an independent inquiry and investigation in cases of alleged scientific misconduct. In order to implement the mission of inquiry and investigation, LARI has established a Commission for Research Integrity (CRI) composed of international experts.

They are currently looking to recruit a full-time CDI Secretary-General (M/F) to lead the organization.

Secretary General (m/f)


Role and Responsibilities

  • As Secretary-General you will be the executive head of LARI, fully empowered to lead the organization on a daily basis and to manage the Agency (interaction with auditors, accounting, tax, legal for managing the activities of a small entity) and the agendas under the supervision of the LARI board.
  • You will develop a strategy and implement actions for promoting and educating responsible conduct of research in Luxembourg, in close collaboration with the national research institutions, that are members of LARI.
  • You will act as first « point-of-contact » and reference person for LARI members for the reporting and handling of alleged cases of research misconduct in Luxembourg. Research integrity is the adherence to principles of academic and scientific honesty and ethical conduct when conducting, publishing, or reviewing research. It is an important part of the research process and includes principles such as objectivity, accuracy, honesty, confidentiality, and respect for intellectual property. Research integrity also includes the responsible use of data and the proper handling of any conflicts of interest.
  • As spokesperson for the organization, you will represent LARI towards various national stakeholders and liaise with the international community of research integrity experts (RI).
  • You will proactively monitor and engage in global developments in Research Integrity and Research Ethics and provide expertise to the LARI board and to the Luxembourg public research institutions ( Uni, LISER, LIH, FNR and LIST).
  • As a non-voting member, you will assist and provide administrative support to the national CRI.



The profile

  • You have a Master’s degree (e.g. education, biomedical, law, business ) level or equivalent.
  • You have at least 5 years of experience in research and/or research management.
  • You have a sound knowledge of good scientific practice and/or proven expertise in the topics of Research Integrity and/or Research Ethics and/or Research Quality.
  • You understand when a high degree of confidentiality is needed.
  • You are an excellent communicator and networker, with an ability to raise awareness and develop education and training for responsible conduct of research, both with individual researchers and team leaders, as well as with research organizations as a whole.
  • You have proven organizational skills and are able to run all operations (research integrity and daily business of a small entity) in full autonomy.
  • You have knowledge of the EU research environment, research integrity and ethics, and the relevant legal procedures.
  • You have an excellent level of French and English (spoken and written) and ideally a solid knowledge of German.
  • Legal skills and knowledge of the Luxembourg research ecosystem are considered an advantage.

The Client’s offer

  • The possibility to provide valuable impact on research and the scientific community in Luxembourg.
  • A high level of autonomy and strong external visibility.
  • The possibility to work at the heart of Luxembourg’s young and dynamic research ecosystem and to network with a variety of stakeholders.
  • A permanent full-time employment contract.
  • A compensation commensurate with your experience.

Would you like to apply for this job?

Please send your cv and cover letter to Sonia Rucquoy, Hudson Luxembourg or to
Alberto Logaldo, Hudson Luxembourg.


Publish or perish : the rise of research misconduct

The research environment is in a state of hyper-competition. Researchers are jostling for grants and jobs. In an era of intense emphasis on measuring academic performance, there has been a proliferation of research misconduct and of questionable behaviours.

Intense competition and inadequate assessment can create a culture that implicitly encourages misconduct.What are the most common forms of research misconduct? How can a shift in the research culture create a game-changer?

Fabrication, Falsification and plagiarism of data

Referred to as the three “deadly sins” of research conduct, falsification, fabrication and plagiarism (FFP) are the primary concerns in avoiding research misconduct. What do these forms of misconduct entail, then?

Falsification is commonly known as the alteration or omission of research results (data) to support claims, hypotheses, other data, etc. Falsification may include the manipulation of research instruments, materials or processes. Manipulation of images or representations in a way that distorts the data or “reads too much between the lines” can also be considered falsification.

Fabrication is the construction and/or addition of data, observations or characterisations that never took place when collecting data or conducting experiments. Fabrication can occur when “completing” the rest of the experimental series, for example. Claims about results must be based on complete data sets (as is normally assumed), whereas claims based on incomplete or assumed results are a form of fabrication.

Plagiarism is perhaps the most common form of research misconduct. Researchers should be aware of citing all sources and taking careful notes. Using or presenting the work of others as one’s own is plagiarism, even if it is unintentional. When reviewing privileged information, for example when reviewing grants or journal article manuscripts for peer review, researchers should recognise that what they read cannot be used for their own purposes, as it cannot be cited until the work is published or publicly available.

How research culture can be a game changer

Doing research implies that scientists devote their passion and knowledge to using the funds that support their work in a careful and responsible way. So how does misconduct arise, besides from making a mistake?

Although important steps are being taken to reform the framework of competences or reshape evaluation systems, today’s research culture is still conducive to misconduct. The fierce competition, the limited number of tenured positions, the h-index, create a publish-or-perish environment. Often factors such as age, gender, peer pressure or management have been singled out as culprits. What is frequently heard was that research assistants may feel pressured to produce results that will attract the attention of senior researchers at their institution, hence giving them the opportunity to work on more prestigious projects. In turn, well-established researchers may be under pressure to secure major grants for their institution, which can be emotionally draining. Yet, recent studies suggest that the best defence against scientific misconduct is to look closely at the culture of the research environment. Is mutual criticism among colleagues encouraged? Is the mentoring programme for young research assistants strong? How are team members held accountable for the quality of their work? When the culture of the institution affirms its commitment to transparent and ethical research practices, the risk of misconduct is reduced, protecting not only the reputation of the institution but also its results.

In this respect, Luxembourg has four national bodies for research ethics and research integrity: The National Research Ethics Committee (CNER), National Data Protection Commission (CNPD), National Consultative Ethics Committee for Life Sciences and Health (CNE) and National Commission for Research Integrity – The Luxembourg Agency for Research Integrity (LARI). Similarly, research actors in Luxembourg have put in place numerous initiatives to promote a healthy environment conducive to integrity. All research institutions have developed guidelines and policies for good research practice, research integrity, and ethics in research. In most cases, Luxembourg follows the guidelines of the European Code of Conduct for Research Integrity, which new draft by the European Federation of Academies of Sciences and Humanities (ALLEA) and reviewed by Science Europe is to be released in the second half of 2023, and of the League of European Research Universities.

Among the many actions, the University of Luxembourg has established several committees for handling questions in the field of research ethics. As for the Luxembourg Institute of Health, it provides training and workshops for early staged researchers to help them develop skills for their future career. At the Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology, rising awareness on good research practices, ethics and research integrity is part of the onboarding programme for new employees. The Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research has formed a Research Ethics Committee (REC), which has the main objective of carrying out ethical reviews of project proposals and (if necessary) ongoing projects by LISER staff. Finally, the Luxembourg National Research Fund (FNR) plays a pioneering role in fostering research culture, particularly by introducing narrative CVs.

Read more about LARI’s research ethics FAQ


Lari présente son nouveau conseil d’administration

Luxembourg, le 24 octobre 2022 – Lors de la dernière Assemblée Générale de la Luxembourg Agency for Research Integrity (LARI), les cinq institutions membres ont élu un nouveau conseil d’administration, à savoir, Mr Jean-Claude Wiwinius, Prof. Dr. Babette Simon et Prof. Dr. John Scheid. Le conseil est ainsi constitué de ces trois personnalités qualifiées nommées intuitu personae pour un mandat de trois ans.

Le Conseil d’administration est l’instance responsable de toutes les affaires relevant de l’administration et de la gestion de l’Association qui est l’agence nationale de promotion et d’investigation de l’intégrité de la recherche au Luxembourg.

Mr JC Wiwinius

J’ai eu l’occasion de me consacrer, pendant ma carrière de magistrat luxembourgeois, à différentes reprises, aux questions de déontologie et d’éthique, e.a. en enseignant ces matières aux jeunes magistrats. Je n’ai donc pas eu à réfléchir longtemps pour accepter le poste de président du Conseil d’administration du LARI, dont la fonction première est de veiller au respect de l’intégrité de la recherche.

Mrs B. Simon

Je vous remercie de la confiance que vous m’accordez pour continuer à mettre en œuvre la mission de LARI et pour contribuer, avec mes collègues du Conseil d’administration du LARI à une culture de l’intégrité de la recherche.

Mr J. Scheid

Il m’est arrivé pendant ma carrière de professeur d’entendre parler de plagiats et d’emprunts par des collègues. Progressivement je suis aussi devenu sensible à la tendance actuelle des étudiants de reproduire sans les vérifier ni en citer l’origine, des développements trouvés lors de leurs recherches. Il me paraît donc utile non seulement de contrôler l’honnêteté des travaux professionnels, mais également de rendre sensibles les étudiants à la notion de propriété intellectuelle.

La Luxembourg Agency for Research Integrity (LARI) est une association sans but lucratif créée en décembre 2016 et regroupant les institutions publiques de recherche, à savoir l’Université du Luxembourg, les trois centres publics de recherche (Luxembourg Institute of Health, Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology, Luxembourg Institute for Socio-Economic Research) et le Luxembourg National Research Fund (FNR). Cette agence a pour double mission de promouvoir les bonnes pratiques scientifiques y incluant une mission de formation, de prévention permettant le  développement  de mesures  visant  à  prévenir  des  manquements  à  la  probité  scientifique  aux  niveaux national et international et  également d’instruire via   une   commission composée d’experts internationaux, tous les cas d’indication ou d’allégation de manquements à la probité scientifique qui lui seront soumis.

Avec une prise d’effet au 15 octobre 2022, le conseil d’administration est composé de trois membres internationaux, à savoir:

Jean-Claude Wiwinius, Après des études à la Faculté de droit de Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne et après avoir passé trois années au Barreau de Luxembourg, j’ai intégré en 1980 la magistrature luxembourgeoise où j’ai eu l’occasion de traiter, pendant une carrière de plus de quarante années, pratiquement toutes les branches du droit (civil, pénal, travail, etc.), pour accéder en 2016 aux fonctions suprêmes de président de la Cour supérieure de Justice et de président de la Cour constitutionnelle.

Prof. Dr. Babette Simon est ancienne vice-présidente régionale de Medtronic Allemagne, était directrice médicale en chef et présidente du conseil d´administration de la médicine universitaire de Mayence et a été présidente de l’université Oldenburg. Elle a suivi une formation en médecine humaine, en gestion des soins de santé et en médecine interne avec une spécialisation en gastro-entérologie.  Elle est professeur associé à la Faculté de santé de l’Université Paris Cité, spécialisée dans la santé mondiale. 

Prof Dr. John Scheid, Après des études à Luxembourg, Strasbourg et Paris, j’ai passé l’agrégation en France et j’ai été assistant en histoire romaine à l’université de Lille III, avant d’être élu en 1983 directeur d’études à l’Ecole pratique des hautes études. Section des Sciences religieuses (Paris) où j’enseignais l’histoire des religions romaines. En 2000, j’ai été élu au Collège de France (Paris) sur une chaire de Religion, institutions et société de la Rome antique. Je suis aussi Membre de l’Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres.

Contact presse:

Luxembourg Agency for Research Integrity (LARI)
6, avenue des Hauts-Fourneaux
L-4362 Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg

Secretragy general ad interim M. A. ROUBY


How healthy is your research lab?

Building a healthy culture in a research lab matters. Most obviously, a harmonious lab leads to happier members, hence resulting in stronger, more creative research. Yet, the autonomy of labs might create an isolating and unhealthy, sometimes toxic, working environment. In such situations, people become disengaged, they tune out, do the minimal amount of work, stop showing up. So, you think your lab is humming along fine?

Academia is a competitive world where laboratories have a lot of freedom to manage their projects and members. Although they are expected to stick to a code of research ethics and integrity, these principles might be set aside, leading to harassment, bullying, and research misconduct. In such circumstances, Principal Investigators (PI) have a responsibility to maintain awareness and intervene when such events are taking place.

The Principal Investigator is (also) a mentor

Being an effective PI means being both a manager and a mentor – and these two roles demand different skills. Management involves practices such as running effective meetings, establishing rigorous research habits, correcting mistakes, and establishing operational and training procedures. Being a mentor involves skills such as building relationships, encouraging commitment from lab members, creating a team atmosphere, managing conflict and providing regular feedback. In other words, management is the nuts and bolts, while mentoring is about creating a special partnership between people based on shared goals and expectations, mutual focus, trust and respect.

Interpersonal dynamics are therefore an important part of a PI’s role. In contrast, few researchers receive formal training in mentoring or management. They have little or no formal training in research team management or conflict resolution. In this instance, their sole frame of reference is to replicate the environment in which they were trained. Case in point: Many postdocs want to become PIs and therefore publish a large number of papers. But the only way to achieve this is to remain isolated, to work constantly and to keep your project to yourself. Yet the skills to be a PI involve talking to people, leading a group, having interpersonal skills – quite the opposite!

Good research lab cultures don’t happen by accident. All healthy labs don’t look the same. But PIs have to put it on their radar and be intentional about what kind of environment they want to create. It’s important for PIs to understand that they set the tone. It includes communication style, the way they interact with people, the standards of expectations and behaviour.

Toxic environments lead to fraud in the lab

From manipulated results and fake data to plagiarism, cases of scientific fraud are manifold. As such, the environment and culture of a lab is a significant predictor of research practices.

Typically, a lab where members are only seeking research results over human interactions might lead to the creation of an unhealthy working environment. As such members are more likely to cut corners—or even behave unethically. In a healthy culture, you’re more likely to report mistakes and learn from them. In a toxic culture, you’re more likely to hide them. Assuming that ethical issues and research misconduct are more likely to occur in a tensed environment.

Recent studies on research integrity found that the environment in which misconduct occurred was marked by management or mentoring deficiencies. The practices most frequently identified as deficient can all be classified as human/social issues and data quality. Poor management and oversight can create an environment in which the risk of questionable research practices is increased. For example, a PI who manages a group of researchers, but does not adequately supervise their work to the extent that they can identify questionable research practices, nor are they able to produce appropriate research records when requested. While this example may be related to research misconduct, it is primarily the result of negligent management, mentoring and research practices.

When confronted with ethical issues in a research lab, there is an obligation to report the case in good faith, which means based on reasonable belief or facts. Suspecting that someone has engaged in research misconduct is one of the most difficult situations researchers face. This is especially true when relationships are strained for other reasons. As such, the Luxembourg Research Integrity Agency can help researchers, regardless of their seniority and contractual status, to find a solution.


Collaborative working: Making it work

Science is a team effort, which brings together disciplines, teams and institutes. Collaborations have the potential to foster greater understanding and knowledge for both the scientific community and society at large. As collaboration is an essential part of research, avoiding the many pitfalls that can turn a successful research collaboration into a nightmare requires careful consideration.

Collaborative research entails coordination between researchers, institutions, organisations and/or communities. Such collaborations usually occur on a voluntary basis or in consortia, and take place in a disciplinary, interdisciplinary, multidisciplinary, transdisciplinary, in a national or international framework.

Identifying the challenges of collaboration

While research is a collaborative endeavor, things may go awry at times. Authorship issues or miscommunication or personal differences between team members are often behind collaborations going wrong.

Misunderstanding may occur between participants due to disagreement on what and when to publish. Some prefer to publish each new discovery whereas others prefer one comprehensive publication after compiling all the data. Likewise, collaborative research presents challenges to the traditional notion of authorship. The perceived lack of recognition for researchers’ contributions is the main factor deterring scientists from participating in multi-group research. While team cooperation is important, there is little evidence that individuals’ contributions are valued in career decision-making, which is particularly worrying for PhD students and early career researchers. Similarly, co-authorship can mean different things. Asserting what kind of contribution merits authorship is not always clear. As author lists get longer, this means that a smaller proportion of researchers get the coveted first author position.

Differences in approaches among the collaborating partners might also be an issue. Misunderstandings may be caused by working in different research disciplines and may be due to different understandings of science, terminology or methods. Moreover, sometimes the competing priorities and objectives of the organisation of researchers may lead to differences in opinion on how research should be conducted and within what duration. Conflicting working styles and practices can seem frustrating, for example, not sharing the same working days. Other ineffective communication may stem from differences in social structures and practices, for example, practices such as gender segregation in certain countries can pose difficulties.

Issues in collaborative research can also arise from individual perceptions, interactions and relationships within the research team itself.  When passionate about an exciting scientific idea, researchers may neglect to think realistically about the multiple tasks that will need to be accomplished to construct an effectively functioning scientific team. All too often collaborative relationships are derailed by conflicts that emerge because potential tensions, differences and difficulties were not identified or discussed at the outset of the collaboration. Team diversity and interpersonal skills have a strong impact on research outcomes, as they affect key aspects of team functioning, such as communication patterns, problem solving and group creativity. Ultimately, what matters more than the individuals themselves is how the members interact, structure their work, and view their contributions.

Building a sound collaborative environment

Multiple forces come together to make collaborations work. Trust is certainly one of the most critical elements influencing team cohesion. In research, trust becomes especially important because it has an impact on team members’ judgments about another’s abilities, designs, observations and scientific results.

Leadership is a further driving force in making collaboration work. The Principal Investigator (PI) starts with a vision, which may be of their own making, emerge from a group discussion. The PI uses the articulation of the vision to recruit team members and engages them in further defining and outlining the shared vision. As such, each team member needs to have an overview and understand how their work fits into and contributes to the overall effort to play an active role. With a clear understanding of the roles and responsibilities, members can more easily understand how the various resources and activities are coordinated to achieve the goals, and how all together, they can contribute to the creation of something bigger. So team spirit does play a key role in collaborative efforts.

Additional critical elements include developing a strong vision, sharing recognition and credit, managing conflict, and team building. Communication is extremely important and, not surprisingly, it cuts across all types of contexts. There are many aspects of communication that are important to recognise, from the simple logistics of communication to the discussion of science, to establishing, building and maintaining team dynamics.

The Covid-19 Task Force has shown that collaboration works, bringing together people from different disciplines, backgrounds and institutes to solve very complex scientific problems. With a few soft skills in each scientist’s toolbox, the focus can be on the scientific problem rather than on personal interests.

The Montreal Statement outlines general responsibilities, and responsibilities in managing the collaboration, in relationships within the collaboration, and for the outcomes of the research. Read it here


7th World Conference on Research Integrity: Why promoting research integrity matters

Researchers’ behaviours can seriously enhance or, on the contrary, undermine research integrity. Such behaviours are primarily driven by the attitudes and professional values of individual researchers, the institutional research climate, and the research system as a whole. The 7th edition of the World Conference on Research Integrity showed how much fostering it can create greater trust and knowledge.

Research Integrity as a driver of research excellence and public trust

Trust plays an important role in carrying out scientific research. Firstly, trust enables the promotion of relationships and cooperative activities between researchers. It includes collaborative work, publication, peer review, and data sharing. Trust is also at the heart of many different relationships in scientific research. When researchers work together on a project, they trust that they will receive appropriate credit, such as authorship. Similarly, when scientists read an article published in a professional journal, they trust that the work has been carried out as described, that the information relevant to evaluating the methods and results has been disclosed, and that the data has not been fabricated or falsified. Ultimately, research integrity is a moral duty intrinsic to the research profession. It is about ensuring that scientific practices are valid and reliable.

As far as society is concerned, researchers are expected to generate knowledge and expertise that can inform public policy. As such scientific research takes a leading role in policy debates on societal and social topics such as public health, climate change, sustainable economic development, and education. In this relation, the results of scientific research ought to be an honest and accurate reflection of the researcher’s work to inform public policy decisions.

LARI as an advocate for research integrity in Luxembourg

The Luxembourg Agency for Research Integrity (LARI) has a dual objective: to promote responsible conduct of research; and to ensure an independent inquiry and investigation in cases of alleged scientific misconduct.

LARI’s activities focus on investigating allegations of misconduct in research, including corrective actions. All of its interventions take place within an adversarial framework, in strict compliance with the principles of confidentiality and the presumption of good faith.

LARI makes its knowledge available for the sake of preventing research misconduct and raising awareness. As such, LARI provides established and early stage researchers with applied ethics training sessions.


Research Integrity: a quest for cLARIty

The Luxembourg Agency for Research Integrity is responsible for dealing with reported breaches of research integrity, promoting good practice, and participating in relevant national and international initiatives.

The Luxembourg Agency for Research Integrity (LARI) plays a pioneering role in fostering responsible conduct of research. All of its interventions take place within an adversarial framework, in strict compliance with the principles of confidentiality and the presumption of good faith.

A pioneering Agency for Research Integrity in Luxembourg

Established in 2016, LARI is the national organisation in charge of the promotion and investigation of research integrity in Luxembourg. The Agency is a joint venture between its five founding members: the Luxembourg National Research Fund (FNR), the University of Luxembourg (, the Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), the Luxembourg Institute of Health (LIH) and the Luxembourg Institute for Socio-Economic Research (LISER).

As a member of the European Network of Research Integrity Offices (ENRIO), LARI is strongly connected at the international level with similar organisations. In total, more than 20 European countries have their national research integrity officers represented in ENRIO.

As an independent body, LARI was established to handle specific cases of alleged research misconduct. Its Commission for Research Integrity (CRI) consists of up to five members—all of whom renowned international researchers in their respective fields. The Commission provides a neutral and factual platform for investigating cases of research misconduct thoroughly and objectively. To guarantee the independence from the Luxembourg science and research system, the members of the Commission are from abroad.

Fostering integrity in research practices

LARI intersects with a variety of research disciplines including medicine, behavioural and social sciences, physical sciences and mathematics, engineering and materials sciences, law, and computing.

The Agency strengthens responsibility in research and ensures the observance of the respective guidelines. Its activities focus on investigating allegations of misconduct in research, including corrective actions.

LARI makes its knowledge available for the sake of preventing research misconduct and raising awareness. As such, LARI provides established and early stage researchers with applied ethics training sessions using a creative approach called CAPRI.

It also offers bioethics and research ethics consultation from a professional bioethicist.

Contacting LARI

The Agency can be contacted whenever advice is needed regarding research integrity. There are several methods to report a case. You can visit the LARI office in person and meet with the Secretary General. You can also send an email to or send LARI postal mail. Anonymous reporting (including sending evidence files) can be done via the app, SIGNAL.

When the Agency receives a research misconduct allegation, it enters case into its registry and notifies the Commission’s chair and vice-chair. Evidence, including publications, copies of laboratory notebooks, patents, agreements and contracts, activity reports, correspondence, minutes of meetings, is collected to a secure cloud platform.

When it receives a report, the Commission for Research Integrity checks that the complaint falls within its remit and notifies its correspondent accordingly. Following the investigation and based on the opinions of CRI members, LARI forwards its conclusions and the entire case file to stakeholders and its board.

Independent inquiry and investigation in cases of suspected research misconduct are performed according to the principles of Section 3 of the European Code of Conduct for Research Integrity.

Read more about how we handle investigations